Ischemic colitis is normally connected with pain in the lower left abdominal region. Ischemic colitis is noted more typically in individuals aged over 50 years, while more youthful individuals are additionally impacted in certain instances.

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What is ischemic colitis?

Ischemic colitis is a condition identified by swelling of particular sections of the colon (big intestine) that arises due to lowered blood supply. Ischemic colitis is typically connected with pain in the reduced left stomach region.

The reduction in blood supply to the colon may take place suddenly or happen over a prolonged amount of time. Ischemic colitis is kept in mind more commonly in individuals aged over HALF A CENTURY, while more youthful individuals are likewise impacted in particular instances.

Underlying problems and also certain factors such as high cholesterol degrees could enhance the risk of ischemic colitis. Described as one of the typical problems of the intestines arising from lowered blood supply, ischemic colitis is accountable for one in every 1000 hospital stays related to digestive tract disorders.

What are the reasons for ischemic colitis?

Ischemic colitis takes place mostly due to a reduction or blockage in the blood supply to the cells and cells of the colon. The reduction in blood supply may be related to a wide array of reasons.

Clots development in the blood vessels

Abrupt incident of ischemic colitis might result from the development of clots in the capillary that supply the colon. This results in a sudden blockage in the blood supply leading to the signs of anemia. In situations of long standing conditions, the blood supply to the colon is decreased gradually owing to a condition called atherosclerosis. This problem is identified by buildup of fats along the wall surfaces of the capillary that lower the amount of blood streaming with the blood vessels.

Certain medical conditions

Ischemic colitis can also emerge as an outcome of certain underlying clinical problems. These consist of inflammatory problems of the blood vessels (described as vasculitis), block in the blood vessels due to hernias, heart failure, reduced high blood pressure, elevated blood sugar levels (diabetics issues mellitus), and cancer of the colon.

Surgery and radiation

Surgery including the colon and also radiation therapy to the stomach can also lead to the decrease of blood supply to the colon in specific instances. Chronic smoking, high blood stress and also elevated cholesterol degrees in the body are some of the aspects connected with increased risk of ischemic colitis.

Prolonged use of certain drugs

Prolonged usage of specific medications that belong to the team of pain reliever (NSAIDs), hormonal agent substitute medications, anti-hypertensives and anti-psychotics are additionally related to an enhanced risk of ischemic colitis.


Infections of the colon could likewise cause ischemia (restriction of blood supply) in the colon in some rare circumstances.

What are the symptoms and signs of ischemic colitis?


Ischemic colitis is generally related to pain in the stomach. The area over the affected area may be excruciating to touch. The discomfort is generally noted in the reduced left side of the abdominal area. Pain could show up either abruptly or might tend to linger for long period of time of time. Reduced high temperature might be kept in mind in couple of situations and may indicate the existence of an infection.

Blood in the stool

Presence of blood in the stool could be suggested by the brilliant red color of the stools. In some circumstances diarrhea may be noted.


Vomiting is likewise related to ischemic colitis in certain cases.

Weight loss

Some influenced individuals might notice pain in the upper stomach area after usage of food which could make them stay clear of food for the fear of pain. Such individuals frequently have the tendency to struggle with weight reduction due to reduced usage of food.

How ischemic colitis is diagnosed?

The medical diagnosis of ischemic colitis is based upon the indications and signs and symptoms observed, health examination as well as particular specialized examinations such as colonoscopy (checking out the colon with a tube like device with a small camera). Extra tests may be recommended in certain circumstances to eliminate the existence of other underlying conditions or disorders.

How is ischemic colitis treated?

The therapy of ischemic colitis is based on the seriousness of the condition. While mild cases may call for the administration of certain medications, modest to serious situations might require you to obtain admitted to the medical facility for a complete care.


Mild cases of ischemic colitis react well to the medicines that are recommended. Drugs to regulate or recover the blood pressure to normal degrees are frequently recommended for mild situations. This enhances the blood flow to the colon and decreases the signs of ischemia. In addition the doctors could recommend antibiotic medicines if any underlying infection is presumed. Various other medicines based on the presence of underlying disorders are likewise recommended if these underlying disorders are thought to be the reason of ischemic colitis.

Moderate to serious instances call for the a hospital stay of the affected individuals. The main objective of a hospital stay in cases of ischemic colitis is to permit ample remainder to the colon so that it recoups faster. This is completed by avoiding food as well as liquid consumption through the mouth. Fluids and other crucial nutrients are supplied through the capillary (intravenous management) during this duration. Furthermore certain medicines might likewise be carried out via the veins in order to help you recover faster. Mild to moderate cases of ischemic colitis react well to this treatment within 1-2 weeks.


Severe instances or long term (persistent) instances of ischemic colitis in which irreversible damages to the afflicted portions of the colon is suspected or diagnosed on colonoscopy call for medical removal of the damaged parts. Surgical procedure is likewise recommended in instances where the signs of ischemic colitis cannot solve complying with the management of drugs and also limitation of oral consumption of foods. In some circumstances the visibility of bleeding ulcers (sores), perforation in the colon or gangrene (dead tissue) can additionally be the indicator for surgical elimination of the affected portions of the colon.

What is the prognosis of ischemic colitis?

While, mild situations of ischemic colitis enhance their very own or with the management of medications, moderate to serious instances of ischemic colitis require punctual clinical interest to avoid complications. In basic, bulk of the individuals impacted with ischemic colitis recoup well within a period of 1-2 weeks. If left without treatment, ischemic colitis can lead to long-term damages to the colon as well as harmful situations in particular situations.

What are the possibilities of reappearance of ischemic colitis?

Ischemic colitis is experienced adhering to proper care and also appropriate treatment and also normally does not repeat. Nonetheless, ample care of underlying medical conditions such as heart problems, low/high blood stress, diabetes and various other problems have to be managed properly to avoid the reoccurrence of ischemic colitis.